Antigua and Barbuda is an island state in the Caribbean Sea . The population of the state is only half of Berlin. This makes Antigua and Barbuda one of the smallest countries in the world, including in terms of population.
The island of Antigua was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493 . He named it after a church in the Spanish city of Seville. "Antigua" means "old". In the following years , the inhabitants were taken into slavery or died of diseases .
Today, the islands are inhabited by people whose ancestors came from Africa. The coral island of Barbuda is located about 40 kilometers to the north and is not much smaller than the main island of Antigua. "Barbuda" means "bearded".
Divers are constantly discovering numerous sunken ships on the northern coast. The island of Antigua is known for its 365 sandy beaches. Many tourists spend their holidays here . Water sports enthusiasts can enjoy snorkeling, sailing, swimming and surfing in clean, warm waters.