New Caledonia consists of a group of islands with an area of 18,519 km2 with a population of about 271,500 people. The archipelago is located in the world's largest lagoon in the world with an area of 24,000 km2. In addition, the local barrier reef is the second largest in the world after the Australian one.
The capital of New Caledonia is Noumea on Grand Terre with a population of about 94,000 people.
The archipelago is located in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,540 km east of the Australian state of Queensland.
The islands belong to France.
The main island is Grand Terre, with an area of 16,664 km2. The island is crossed by Folded Mountains, in which there are four mountain peaks with a height of more than 1500 m.