New Zealand is a country in the South Pacific Ocean. It consists of two large islands and 700 small ones. Since 1974, the island of Niue has also belonged to New Zealand. The capital is called Wellington. The country is about a third smaller than Germany and has about the same number of inhabitants as the state of Hesse.
New Zealand's neighboring states include Australia to the west and several small island states to the north. Australia is more than 1,500 kilometers away. If you fly or go south, you end up in Antarctica.
Due to the great distance to other countries and continents in New Zealand, there are plants and animals that exist only there. The kiwi is a bird that cannot fly and is mostly active only at night. The kiwi bird is something of a symbol of New Zealand, which is why New Zealanders also call themselves "kiwi".
New Zealanders earn the most money from agriculture, food production, such as dairy products, and tourism. Many vacationers appreciate New Zealand as a "green island".