The capital of Japan is the political and administrative center of Japan, the seat of the government and other supreme bodies of state power. From 1868 to the present, the capital of Japan is Tokyo.
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In the course of the country's history, the capitals of Japan have changed. The capital was determined by the location of the imperial palace and, accordingly, the seat of the emperor, even at a time when the country was actually ruled by the shogunate. Sometimes the capitals of the shogunate are distinguished separately, for example, from 1603 to 1868, the capital of the shogunate was Edo, while the imperial capital was Kyoto. In the early history of Japan, from 390 to 794, the capital changed several dozen times, and finally, in 794, Heian-kyo (future Kyoto) became the capital, which had been in the status of the capital for over a thousand years, until 1868. In 1868, Emperor Mutsuhito moved the capital to Edo, renaming it Tokyo, and the Tokyo Imperial Palace became the seat of the emperors and the imperial court.