Tokyo is a rather young city, only 400 years old. In its relatively short history, it has changed its name, survived devastating earthquakes, many fires, and the war that gave its name to the historical era.
Greater Tokyo is a huge metropolis, which merged with neighboring Kawasaki and Yokohama. With all this it can be argued that Tokyo in Japan has become a city of contrasts, where European culture is combined with Eastern, antiquity with modernity, and the stone jungle with temples.
Tokyo is located in the Land of the Rising Sun, in the southeastern part of Honshu Island, in the Kanto region, on the shore of Tokyo Bay in the Pacific Ocean. Tokyo Prefecture is the largest economic, political, financial and cultural center in the country. The city includes 23 districts, as well as the Tama region, Izu Islands, Ogasawara and several other small islands. The area of Tokyo is 2187 sq. km.
The history of Tokyo goes back to the 12th century, when the first fort was built here. At the end of the 16th century, Tokyo, then called Edo, which means "mouth of the river," became the capital of the Shogunate. With the beginning of the Meiji period after the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogunate the city regained its capital status, and with it received its current name, which means "Eastern Capital".
In the twentieth century, Tokyo was almost completely destroyed twice. First in 1923 there was a major earthquake and then a fire that destroyed many monuments of the Edo period and took the lives of 140 thousand people. During World War II, the city was severely damaged by air raids. After the end of hostilities began a gradual recovery and active building of the capital.
Nowadays, the Japanese capital is an amazing interweaving of history and modernity. The population of Tokyo is more than 13.5 million people, and tens of thousands of tourists come here every year.