Phoenix is the capital of the state of Arizona. The population of the city of Phoenix is 1 million 513 thousand people (in 2013), which allows it to close the five US cities with the largest population. The metropolitan area of Phoenix (Phoenix metropolitan area or Phoenix Metro), in addition to the city itself, includes the suburbs and settlements of the central part of Arizona (among them 8 exceeded the 100 thousand inhabitants mark).
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This metropolitan area, romantically named The Valley of the Sun, has an estimated 4.3 million people (12th in the US). The Phoenix metropolitan area grew 45% from 1990 to 2000, three times the U.S. average. This allowed the state of Arizona to become the second fastest growing state after Nevada. Significant growth, albeit at a slower pace, continues in the first decade of the 21st century.