New York State is located in the Northeastern United States and belongs to the Mid-Atlantic States of the United States. New York is bordered by Canada (Ontario to the west and northwest, Quebec to the north); as well as the states of New Jersey and Pennsylvania in the south; with Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut in the east; with Rhode Island in the southeast (sea border).
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Most of New York State is occupied by relatively gentle mountain peaks (New England Mountains, Taconic, Catskill, Adirondack), plateaus (Allegheny, Hudson Highlands) and river valleys of the Appalachian mountains. In the west of the state, along the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River, there are practically flat lowlands; it is here that the famous Niagara Falls is located on the river connecting Lake Erie and Ontario. Long Island, located in the southeast of the state, is part of the Atlantic Lowlands.
The state of New York is characterized by a humid continental climate. In the east, on the ocean coast, there are usually cool, wet winters and hot summers, in the interior of the state it is somewhat colder. The Great Lakes, from which blizzards and snowstorms often come in winter, have a great influence on the climate of the western districts of the state.
The first European explorer to see the coast of New York was in 1524 the Italian Giovanni da Verrazano. In 1609, the north of the state was explored by the Frenchman Samuel de Champlain; and up the river, later named after him, the English captain Henry Hudson climbed. In 1614, the first Dutch settlement in America, Fort Nassau, was built on the site of the modern city of Albany. In 1625, Fort Amsterdam was built on Manhattan Island, from which the city of New Amsterdam grew.
In 1664, the British captured New Amsterdam, the city and the colony were renamed New York ("New York"). The future state (and city) received its name in honor of the new owner - the younger brother of King Charles II of England, Duke of York.
In the 18th century, New York was at the center of the conflict between the English and French colonies in North America, known as the "French and Indian Wars." During the years of the struggle for US independence, New Yorkers actively participated in the patriotic movement; several major battles took place in the province.
In the 19th century, the state of New York developed rapidly, a significant role in the growth of its economy was played by the opening in 1825 of the "Erie Canal", which connected the Great Lakes "> Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. It was then that New York received its famous nickname -" The Empire State ".
The largest city in the state (and the largest city in the United States) is New York City, which is home to more than 8,330,000 people (and in the metropolis that has grown up around it - about 19,200,000 people). The state capital, Albany, has about 100,000 inhabitants.
New York's economy is one of the most developed in the country. In the state, minerals are mined, various industrial and agricultural products are produced, and excellent conditions for tourism have been created here. Naturally. that the bulk of the income comes from the City of New York City.