Bern (German Bern, French Berne) is a bilingual canton in the west of the central part of Switzerland. The administrative center is the city of Bern. Population - 992 617 people (2nd place among cantons; data from 2012).
Watch camera online in Bern
The city of Bern was founded in 1191 by Berchtold V, Duke of von Zeringen. In 1218, Berchtold V dies without leaving any heirs, and Bern becomes a free imperial city on the basis of the Golden Diploma published in the same year by Emperor Frederick II. In 1294, the Bern Constitution was adopted, which was in effect until 1798. The representative body of Bern was the Grand Council, consisting of 200 members, the executive body was the Small Council, headed by Schultgeiss, which also included Stadtschreiber - the secretary, Seckelmeister - the treasurer and Grossweibel - the judge. In 1353 Bern became a member of the Swiss Confederation.