Philadelphia is one of the oldest cities in the United States, the sixth most populous city in the country and the most populous city in the state of Pennsylvania, with a population of 1,584,138 inhabitants (according to preliminary data for 2018). The population of the agglomeration is 6,096,120 inhabitants. Located on the Delaware River off the Atlantic coast.
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The city was founded in 1682 by William Penn. It has the nickname "City of Brotherly Love" (Φιλαδέλφεια in Greek means brotherly love), this is due to the fact that the city was founded by settlers who belonged to the Protestant Quaker community (in the United States and now it is unofficially called Quakertown - the city of Quakers).
In 1774, in Philadelphia, at Carpenters Hall, the First Continental Congress was held - a congress of deputies from 12 of the 13 American colonies of Great Britain. During the congress, the deputies worked out a number of important documents, intending to seek the right of self-government for the colonies. And in 1776, in Philadelphia, the Second Continental Congress of the thirteen North American states adopted the Declaration of Independence. The Second Continental Congress itself worked in Philadelphia from 1775 to 1781, taking on the role of the national government of the United States. In 1776, 1777, 1778-1783, and 1790-1800, Philadelphia was the temporary capital of the United States.
In 1780, the first bank in North America was opened in Philadelphia. Philadelphia hosted the 1876 World's Fair
One of the famous residents of the city was Benjamin Franklin.