Amsterdam is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands. It has been the capital of the kingdom since 1814. It is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country at the mouth of the rivers Amstel and Ey. Amsterdam is connected by the Nordse Canal to the North Sea. Watch HQ online camera in Amsterdam
As of July 2020, the population of the municipality of Amsterdam is 869,709 people, together with the suburbs (urban district) - 2.4 million inhabitants (as of January 2013) . Amsterdam is part of the Randstad metropolitan area, which is the 6th largest in Europe.
The name of the city comes from two words: "Amstel" - the name of the river and " dam " — "dam". In the 12th century, it was a small fishing village, but during the Golden Age of the Netherlands, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world and a major trading center.
The city is a place of concentration of various cultures — in April 2009, representatives of 177 nationalities lived here.
Amsterdam is also the financial and cultural capital of the Netherlands. It is home to the headquarters of 7 of the world's 500 largest companies, such as Philips and ING Groep. The oldest stock exchange in the world is also located in the city center.
Greenpeace is headquartered in Amsterdam.
Many attractions: the Rijksmuseum, the Vincent Van Gogh Museum, the City Museum, the Hermitage on the Amstel, the red Light district (De Wallen) - annually attracts about 4.2 million tourists to the city.