Milan is a city in northern Italy, the capital of Lombardy, and the second most populous city in Italy after Rome. Milan was the capital of the declared Roman Empire, the Duchy of Milan and the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venice. The city itself is home to about 1.4 million people, while its capital city is home to 3.26 million people. Its continuously built-up urban area, which extends well beyond the administrative capital city, is the fourth largest in the EU with 5.27 million inhabitants. The population of the broader area of Milan, also known as Greater Milan, is estimated at 8.2 million, making it the largest metropolitan area in Italy and the 3rd largest in the EU.
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Milan is considered a leading alpha global city with strengths in the arts, commerce, design,, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, services, research and tourism. Its business district houses the Italian Stock Exchange (Italian: Borsa Italiana), as well as the headquarters of national and international banks and companies. In terms of GDP, it ranks as the second largest economy among EU cities after Paris, the richest among EU non-capital cities. Milan as part of Blue Banana and one of the "Four Engines for Europe".
The city has been recognized as one of the world's four fashion capitals thanks to several international events and fairs, including Milan Week and Milan Furniture. Fairs, which are among the world's major income, price increases. The Universal Exhibition was held here in 1906 and 2015. The city has expanded medical facilities, academies and universities, which enroll 11% of the total student population in the country. Milan attracts 8 million foreign visitors annually, attracting its museums and art galleries, which showcase some of the most important collections in the world, including major works by Leonardo da Vinci. The city is served by a variety of luxury hotels and is ranked fifth in the world by Michelin Guide. The city is home to two of the most successful European football teams: A.S. Milan and F.C. Internazionale and one of the main basketball teams in Europe, Olimpia Milano. The 2026 Winter Olympics will be hosted by Cortina d'Ampezzo in Milan.