Tula is a city in Russia, the administrative center of the Tula region and the city of Tula. Hero City (since 1976). Tula is located in the north of the Central Russian Upland on the banks of the Upa River, 180 km south of Moscow. The length of the city from north to south is 30 km, from west to east - 25 km.
Watch camera online in Tula
According to the results of the All-Russian competition held in 2014 for the title of "The most comfortable urban (rural) settlement in Russia", Tula took third place in the category "Urban settlements (urban districts), which are the administrative centers (capitals) of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation".
Tula was first mentioned in the Nikon Chronicle of the 16th century under 1146. On the territory of Tula there are more than 300 objects of cultural heritage: these are monuments of architecture and urban planning, history, works of monumental art, archeology.
Tula is known for three occupations of the inhabitants, rooted deep in the history of the city: the production of weapons, samovars and gingerbread. Each of them is represented in the city by a respective museum: the Museum of Weapons, the Museum of Samovars and the Museum of Tula Gingerbread. Also the city's hallmark is the Tula Kremlin - the oldest building in the city, an architectural monument of the 16th century. [Source not specified 17 days] 14 km south-west of Tula is the house-museum of Leo Tolstoy Yasnaya Polyana.
Tula is one of the most economically developed cities in Russia, a large industrial, scientific and cultural center, an important railway junction, with a population of 479,105 people. (2019), within the boundaries of the urban district - 546,896 people. (2019). The population density is 3432 people per 1 km². The polycentric Tula-Novomoskovsk agglomeration has about 1 million people. The territory of the city is crossed or passed in close proximity by important strategic highways of federal significance: Moscow - Crimea, Kaluga - Tula - Mikhailov - Ryazan, and large railways Moscow - Donbass, Tula - Kozelsk, connecting Tula with other regions of Russia and countries of near and far abroad. From the city, railways diverge to Moscow, Oryol, Kaluga, Uzlovaya, Kozelsk.
The economy of the city of Tula is based on the industrial sector, the share of tax revenues from which to the city budget is about 50%. Small business plays an important role in the economic and social life of the city. The number of people employed in this sector of the economy, taking into account individual entrepreneurs, is over 50 thousand people. The export-import of goods and services of enterprises is quite diverse: from food products to engineering products and technology development. The registered unemployment rate in Tula as of January 1, 2016 was 0.51%.