Podolsk urban district: history and modernity
The first mentions of the village of Podol, which belonged to the patrimony of the Danilov Monastery, are contained in the church annals of 1627-1628.
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On October 5, 1781, by the personal decree of Catherine II, the Podolsk district was formed, and the village of Podol was renamed the city of Podolsk. In 2017, this historic event celebrated its 236th anniversary.
Podolsk land is directly connected with the events of the Patriotic War of 1812. After the Battle of Borodino, the troops under the leadership of MI Kutuzov, passing through Podolsk, took up defensive positions near the village of Krasnaya Pakhra, Podolsk district, then approached Tarutino, setting up a camp here. The famous Tarutino maneuver determined the entire further victorious course of the war with the Napoleonic army.
After the Patriotic War of 1812, Podolsk and Podolsk district restored and expanded their economic functions, primarily trade. This, in particular, was facilitated by the construction in 1844-1847 of the Warsaw (Brest-Litovsk) highway, as well as the construction of a bridge across the Pakhra River. In the 40s, 13 manufactories worked in the district.
In 1900, the American company "Singer" founded in Podolsk a mechanical plant for the assembly of sewing machines and the production of parts for them. It is to him that the city owes its economic growth at the beginning of the 20th century. The Singer plant has become one of the city-forming enterprises of Podolsk.
Of the cities near Moscow, Podolsk in the second half of the 19th century stood out with the highest population growth rates. In 1917, 19 thousand inhabitants lived in the city. The stone buildings of a real school, a cinema, a power plant, and a water supply were built.
During the years of the first five-year plan, economic growth began. The Singer plant continued to expand, and other enterprises were opened. The production of new types of products was established, many of which were mastered in the country for the first time: oil equipment, mine electric locomotives, the first Soviet tracked tractor was created.