Gerla is a city in Romania, in the county of Cluj. Historical region - Transylvania. Located 45 km from the city of Cluj-Napoca along the Somes River.
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The settlement was first indicated in sources in 1291 as the village of Gerlahida. The name probably comes from the Slavic word grla, which means river. Later, the city was called “Hayaqaghak” in Armenian for a long time, or “Armenopolis” in Greek, which was considered the official name of the city. The German version of the name of the city Armenierstadt was also used. Later the city received the name "Szamosújvár", which was used in the official records of Hungary, and means "new city on the river Somes. Until 1918 Gerla was part of the Kingdom of Hungary, also part of Hungary between 1940-1944.
The modern city was built at the beginning of the 16th century by Armenians, settlers from the Cilician Armenian kingdom, who originally settled in Crimea and Moldova, and in the 1650s moved to Transylvania.