Ecuador is a country in South America. It is located on the shores of the Pacific Ocean. The equator passes through the country, and therefore it also has a name: Ecuador in Spanish means equator, latitude. The country is about a quarter smaller than Germany and has about five times fewer inhabitants.
Most of Ecuador is mountainous. The highest mountain, Chimborazo in the Andes, has a height of 6310 meters. Some volcanoes in the area are still active. The country also has part of the rainforest belonging to the Amazon River. On the other hand, you can do good farming on the coast.
Far out to sea are the Galapagos Islands, which are also part of the state of Ecuador. 130 Islands are actually volcanoes protruding from the water. Ecuador is known for many rare species of animals and plants that exist only there. These include turtles, lizards, sea lions, penguins and many other birds.
People are quite poor compared to the rest of South America. Many work abroad and send money home. Many flowers are planted and sold to Europe. In addition, there is oil. Tourism also brings money. The city of Quito is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, just as the Galapagos Islands are a UNESCO nature reserve.