Everyone knows that Tokyo is the capital and largest city of the Land of the Rising Sun: now it is home to 9 million people (or 13 million if you take into account the entire Tokyo metropolitan area).
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Incidentally, this number exceeds the total number of residents of the country's three largest cities after Tokyo: Yokohama, Osaka and Nagoya. In the 16th century, on the site of modern Tokyo, there was a small town of Edo, the main attraction of which was the castle. In the 18th century, the city became an important political center, and in the middle of the 19th century it was renamed Tokyo and made the capital of the state.